Nowadays there is no a single version that would clarify the issue of the creation of the famous saga “Star Wars”. George Lucas mentioned he was at the stage of work on his first feature film “THX 1138” when he came up with this idea. His friends implied that Lucas’ enlightenment was much earlier. Lucas intended to make a movie of the heroic and cosmic fantasy with shootings in the style of fantastic comic books and film series that appeared in the United States in the 1940s and 1950s. Space operas such as “Flash Gordon” and the franchise about Buck Rogers, as well as “John Carter of Mars” by Edgar Burroughs had significant impacts on “Star Wars”. There is another version that “Star Wars” is a kind of reconsideration of the picture “Apocalypse Now” that Lucas was supposed to shoot in Vietnam at the midst of the war.
The start of “Star Wars” is considered to be 1976. The premiere of “American Graffiti” was shown and the young director had carte blanche for the dream project. Lucas had to abridge the synopsis to two pages of a printed text and he went to the studios, but the scenario has not been approved. The producers found the script too confusing.
Having been inspired by Akira Kurosawa’s films, he rewrote the script several times and concluded a contract with the United Artists studio. William Cutt should have played the role of Luke, but the director gave the part to Mark Hamill. It was more difficult with the image of Princess Leia. Sissy Spacek, Glenn Close, Jessica Lange, Meryl Streep, Sigourney Weaver, Kim Basinger, Kathleen Turner, Geena Davis, Melanie Griffith is not a complete list of the people who fought for this role, but it was given to Carrie Fisher.
As for Han Solo, such actors as Nick Nolte, Christopher Walken, Kurt Russell, Steve Martin, Chevy Chase, Bill Murray and others have got this screen tests, but Harrison Ford managed to upstage them. In fact, the image of Han Solo was based on Lucas’ friend, a certain Francis Ford Coppola. The character of Darth Vader was invented by Lucas one of the first. This role of antagonist was given to the resident of Misty Albion David Prowse.
The first film was released on May 25, 1977 and had a huge success that actually saved the company “20th Century Fox” from the bankruptcy. The first film received the subtitle “A New Hope”, “The Empire Strikes Back” (1980) and “Return of the Jedi” (1983) were the next two sequels.
The mass production of related products was the distinctive feature of “Star Wars”, and plastic figures of characters and T-shirts with the symbolism of the film were sold with expedition. By virtue of marketing mix by George Lucas, a high level of interest among audience has been achieved between the outputs of the films.